10 November 2013

Fatimid Pectoral Decoration?



Fatimid Pectoral Decorations?
November 2013, revised July 2016

Recently I gathered several extant images of Fatimid people into one folder. Reviewing them side by side, I was intrigued to find an unexpected theme in them. There frequently appears to be a pectoral decoration on tunics. It is apparently worn by both men and women however, in many of the images the decoration is not clearly defined.


Please share links to images you might have with this detail.





Name of Object: Large dish
Holding Museum: Museum of Islamic Art Cairo, Egypt
Museum Inventory Number: 14923
Dimensions: Diameter 40 cm
Material(s) / Technique(s): Ceramic with metallic lustre decoration over a glazed surface.
Date of the object: Hegira 5th century / AD 11th century
Period / Dynasty Fatimid

Samia's note: This one is interesting because there appears to be a bare belly as well. The figure is likely masculine because of the turban, the wide-set eyebrows, the lack of curls at the temples.


http://www.flickr.com/photos/horemachet/375913187/


ICM-36 Fatimid 28cm 11th cent. CE SVI270107 web

 "All the Fatimid ceramics are from the Islamic Ceramics Museum (ICM) in Cairo, a beautifully kept collection in a beautiful palace. We photographed all the Fatimid objects and shall post them as they are edited. By the way, this is one of the very few museums where photography is allowed without SCA permission." http://www.flickr.com/photos/horemachet/375913301/

Samia's note: This one is interesting because there appears to be a bare belly as well. The figure is not gender-defined. There is a typically-male turban; typically female grown-together eyebrows; something like a sideburn, but not the typically-female curl; apparently long hair. It is possible this person is a eunuch. 


http://www.qantara-med.org/qantara4/public/show_document.php?do_id=1225
accessed 1/23/11

    * Title/name : Bowl with female dancer
    * Production place : Fatimid Egypt
    * Date / period : First half of the eleventh century
    * Materials and techniques : Ceramic with lustred decoration on opaque glaze
    * Dimensions : Height 6.7cm; Diameter 26.1 cm
    * Conservation town : Washington D. C
    * Conservation place : Smithsonian Institution, Freer Gallery of Art
    * Inventory number : 46.30

Samia's note: Likely a female dancer. Typically-female grown-together eyebrows; typically-female curls at the temple; some scholars believe the scarf-dance pose seen here is typically-female.

Plate Purchase F1941.12
12th century, Fatimid period

Earthenware painted over glaze with luster
H: 7.0 W: 9.2 cm
Egypt

Samia's note: Probably male. Hunting scenes (with birds of prey) do not appear to include women in this period. Typically-male turban; typically-male wide-set eyebrows.


ICM-13 27,5cm 12th cent. CE SVI270107 web

 "All the Fatimid ceramics are from the Islamic Ceramics Museum (ICM) in Cairo, a beautifully kept collection in a beautiful palace. We photographed all the Fatimid objects and shall post them as they are edited. By the way, this is one of the very few museums where photography is allowed without SCA permission." http://www.flickr.com/photos/horemachet/375913301/

Samia's note: Probably male. Hunting scenes (with birds of prey) do not appear to include women in this period. Probably a beard, does not cover the nose like a veil would; typically-male wide-set eyebrows; indeterminate head wear.


accessed 1/23/11

   * Title/name : Dish with giraffe
    * Author : Attributed to ‘Muslim’
    * Production place : Egypt
    * Date / period : End of the tenth to the beginning of the eleventh century
    * Materials and techniques : Clay-paste ceramics; lustred decoration over opaque glaze
    * Dimensions : Diameter 24cm
    * Conservation town : Athens
    * Conservation place : The Benaki Museum
    * Inventory number : 749

Samia's note: Probably male. Other work scenes from near this period show that men will hike up the tunic when working while women will not; typically-male wide-set eyebrows; indeterminate head wear.

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